A year on: Life returns to Mosul's ruins
75-year-old Kasim Yahia Ali Hussein smokes a cigarette outside an abandoned building in the Old City of Mosul where he has lived all his life. Since the end of the battle against Islamic State in Mosul Kasim has been tasked with keeping watch over destroyed stores and warehouses that belong to his neighbours.
His home in the old quarter was totally destroyed by an airstrike, forcing him and his family to flee to the east of the city in July 2017. "I think the Americans missed their target," he said, referring to the airstrike that hit his house. "Because the house next to mine was being used as an ISIS bomb factory."
Despite having fought in the Iran Iraq war, Kasim says he has never seen a war like this one. "They were executing people for every reason," he said. "Every day we saw people dying - around 100 people were executed every day. If you smoked cigarettes they would cut your fingers. If your trousers were long they put you in jail for one month."